Consuelo J. Paz Lectures
To honor Dr. Paz’s unparalleled contributions to Philippine linguistics and culture studies, the UP Department of Linguistics launched the Consuelo J. Paz Lecture in 2019, as a biennial lecture to be given by a distinguished scholar, whose body of work in the field of historical linguistics, sociolinguistics, ethnolinguistics, and cultural studies enriches our knowledge of language & culture and promotes Philippine languages & dialects.
About Dr. Consuelo J. Paz
Dr. Paz is one of the foremost researchers on Philippine linguistics & cultural studies, having worked in various field sites all over the country for more than 40 years. She promoted fieldwork & participant observation as important ethnographic tools for a holistic understanding of the locality and its culture. Hence, during her term as CSSP Dean, the Inisyatibo sa Pag-aaral ng mga Etnolinggwistikong Grupo (IPEG) was established. Eventually the initiative became a bonafide program, namely, the Programa sa Pag-aaral ng mga Etnolinggwistikong Grupo (PPEG).
Together with Dr. Ernesto Constantino, she is one of the key persons in the formation & development of Filipino as the national language. Her research studies on sociolinguistics have made a major impact in establishing the close relationship of the language spoken by the community and the individual’s identity & sense of belonging.
Previous Paz Lectures
“Atay, the Heart of the Matter” by Jesus Federico C. Hernandez
In a series of essays, Paz (2008) explored the lexico-historical reconstructions of proto-Philippine etyma relating to well-being and anguish—ginhawa, kapalaran, and dalamhati. The meticulous morphological analyses of these three concepts, using the methodology of diachronic linguistics complemented by techniques from ethnolinguistics, resulted in the identification of core concepts for each category: the pneuma or breath for ginhawa, the palm and, by extension, the hand for kapalaran, and the liver for dalamhati. These essays were part of Paz’s efforts to identify pan-Philippine categories that can serve as markers of identity and measures of commonness. The current paper is a sequel to dalamhati and the liver, focusing on provenance, location, and semantic and metaphorical extensions.
About the Speaker
“A Thumbnail Sketch of Philippine Linguistics during the Spanish Colonial Period” by Dr. Arwin M. Vibar
Language studies in the Philippines began with the stable Spanish colonization of the islands in the late 16th century. With the decision to use the vernaculars as the medium of evangelization, the convenors of the First Synod of Manila of 1582 set in motion the Spanish missionaries’ efforts at writing pedagogical grammars (gramáticas) and word lists (vocabularios). The result was a rich linguistic production of more than a hundred grammars and about a hundred dictionaries. While the Spanish period of Philippine linguistics may appear to be the Dark Ages of Philippine linguistics due to its dependence on the Greco-Latin grammatical model and on the religious motive of the grammarians, recent studies reveal that these grammars actually described unique features of the languages.
In this lecture, a bird’s eye view of linguistic activities at the time will be presented and assume a worm’s eye view of the main features of the principal languages as documented in representative grammars. We start with the grammarians’ positive response to the language problems occasioned by having a geographically dispersed population, proceed to the language description methods, and conclude with an exposition of the grammatical elements described in the grammars.
A recording of this talk is available here.
About the Speaker